KNOW YOUR BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS – ROTARACTORS EMPOWERED
WHO IS A YOUTH?
A young person especially: a young Male/ Female between adolescence and maturity
Uganda’s National Youth Policy defines youth as those aged between 18 and 30. In contrast, the East African Community (EAC) defines youth as those between 15 and 35 years while the United Nation’s definition is 15-24 years.
Participation in the protection & promotion activities can help youths become better informed about current events.
Human Rights are natural entitlements that accrue to everyone by virtue of being Human.
A human Being is a Man, Woman, Child with a sense of Reason.
30 Articles in UDHR and the Constitution of ROU 1995 (as Amended)
Human Rights go Hand in Hand with Human Responsibilities but ignorance of one affects the role of the other.
It stresses that developing capacities for participation is an important result in itself.
The youth can preserve human rights for generations and implant the importance and value of fundamental rights and freedoms in people’s hearts.
As youth, we should convey the message of human rights to society.
The UDHR is adopted in 1948 December 10th a milestone document, which proclaims the inalienable rights that everyone is entitled to as a human being – regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Available in more than 500 languages, it is the most translated document in the world. In Uganda, it was 9th December 1998 that Declared HRD Day
It is absolutely clear that we need to regain the universality of human rights, the indivisibility of human rights, and we need to find a new energy that motivates young people around the world.” Volker Türk, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
The adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, human rights have become more recognised and more guaranteed across the globe. It has since served as the foundation for an expanding system of human rights protection that today focuses also on vulnerable groups such as persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and migrants.
CATEGORIES of RIGHTS
First Generation Rights – Civic – Political – Liberties (Checking Excesses of the State) -Vote– Financial Implications
Second Generation Rights – Social Economic and Cultural Rights – Welfare (Progressive in Nature) Financial Implications
Group Rights – Groups for different categories (Clean Environment, Clean Water)
Pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 35/14, The documented discrimination and some of the challenges for young people in accessing civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights.
In its resolution 1983/46, adopted at its 39th session, the Commission called upon states to take appropriate action for the exercise by youth of all their human rights-
- the right to life and liberty,
- freedom from slavery and torture,
- freedom of opinion and expression,
- the right to work and
- the right to education,
Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
ARTICLE 38 CIVIC RIGHTS AND ACTIVITIES
(1) Every Uganda citizen has the right to participate in the affairs of government, individually or through his or her representatives in accordance with law.
RIGHTS – Chapter 4 (Articles 20-50)
- Rights to Life – Article 22
- Torture (Inflicting severe pain) -Article 24
- Own property – Article – 26
- Privacy – Article 27
- Freedom of Expression – Article 29
- Education – Article 30
- Marriage – Article 51
Characteristics of human rights
- Human rights are inalienable. This means that you cannot lose them, because they are linked to the very fact of human existence.
- They are inherent to all human beings.
- Human rights are indivisible
- Interdependent and interrelated
- Human rights are universal,
Article 44 – Never limited Rights
- Torture (Inflicting severe pain) (Article 24)
- Fair hearing
- Right to an Order of Habeas corpus
- Right to freedom from Slavery and Servitude
However, the promise of the UDHR, of dignity and equality in rights, has been under a sustained assault in recent years. As the world faces challenges new and ongoing – pandemics, conflicts, exploding inequalities, morally bankrupt global financial system, racism, climate change – the values, and rights enshrined in the UDHR provide guideposts for our collective actions that do not leave anyone behind.